Comprehensive labour market and Vocational Skills Training Assessment.

Game Changers Consulting PLC in collaboration with Ethiopian Centre for Development (ECD) has been coordinating and carried out the assessment of marketable vocational skills training in Addis Ababa. The overall purpose of this assessment is to conduct a comprehensive labour market assessment (LMA) across ECD’s DANIDA Urban Refugee Project target locations in Addis Ababa city administration; Yaka, Bole and Nifas silk lafto sub-city with the aim to assess the labour market context and provide up-to date data on the labour market, market driven practical recommendations to inform the project interventions on economic development and livelihood through employability training, access to Business development and employment services which will enable and prepare vulnerable women and youths who are host community and Urban refugees (between 18 to 34 years of age) living in Addis Ababa cities proactively position themselves for employment and to participate in income-generating activities. Furthermore, the assessment findings will also inform efforts of the project partner in developing competency based vocational training curriculum and aid in the future programmatic decisions of the project implementer (ECD).  

The assessment has the following specific objectives:

The scope of the study covered the three targeted Sub-Cities in Addis Ababa City Administration where the ECD project will be implemented: Yeka, Bole and Nifaselk Lafto Sub-Cities. A detailed analysis of the existing and potential employment opportunities, potential marketable training opportunities for vocational skills training, the most viable value chains/sectors that could help the target groups can access to local formal wage and self-employment job markets in the three target sub-cities were assessed and analyzed. The quality, availability and accessibility of jobs in the employment sectors were analyzed.  Constraints and barriers faced by vulnerable women and youth in the labour market were identified and analysed. Service providers were interviewed and information on their opinions with regard to the quality of training offered by the public and private vocational skills training institutions /centers were collected. 

The outcomes of the assessment are expected to form the basis for the implementation of ECD’s DANIDA Urban Refugee Project in Addis Ababa and future advancements in relevant market demand skill training delivery. And also the outcome of the assessment will serve as a foundation for future programming in various interventions and help people understand crucial aspects of the larger labor market, such as skill areas and market demand, as well as the types of jobs and employment prospects accessible. Finally, connecting job searchers with the world of employment requires an awareness of the labor market and business opportunities.

The assessment was used a mixed methods approach. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected using primary and secondary data collection techniques. Relevant data were obtained from Urban Eritrean refugees and host communities living in Addis Ababa, potential employers and businesses sectors, gov’t stakeholders/ support services providers and public and private TVET colleges using various data collection techniques such as focus group discussion (FDG), key informant interviews (KIIs), market observations and field surveys, structured questionnaires, and secondary document review were used to collect the data, which was then analyzed using descriptive statistical tools.

Data collection for this assessment took place between 14th November and 25th November 2022 covering the three targeted Sub-Cities in Addis Ababa where the ECD’s project will be implemented: Yeka, Bole and Nifaselk Lafto Sub-Cities. Overall, 6 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 105 Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with urban Eritrean refugees and host communities living in Addis Ababa, 20 key informant interviews (KIIs) with potential employers and businesses sectors, 9 KIIs with gov’t stakeholders/ support services providers, 11 KIIs with public and private TVET colleges and 20 market survey with potential value chains/sectors were conducted. Game Changers Consulting PLC in collaboration with Ethiopian Centre for Development (ECD) has been coordinating and carried out the assessment of marketable vocational skills training.

A purposive sampling technique was employed to select interviewees and focus group discussants. Even though there are urban refuges who lives in Addis Ababa, this research purposively selects Eritrean Urban refugees. In order to access the subject of the research, such as focus Group discussants and interviewee, the researcher was used ARRA offices to get directly interviewees and discussants while they were getting the service.