Baseline rapid assessment of socio-economic conditions of the target group from Gender Transformative Approach (GTA) perspective.

Game Changers Consulting PLC in Collaboration with New Life Teen Challenge Development and Relief Program (NLTCDRP) has been conducted the “Baseline Rapid assessment of socio-economic conditions of the target group from Gender Transformative Approach (GTA) perspective” which will help to the execution of the project called “Reducing Poverty and Increasing Voice among Vulnerable Women”. The general objective of this survey is to assess the socio-economic conditions of the targets (Women with disability, women with homelessness, Women headed family and women sex workers) from Feminist Approach (FA) & Gender Transformative Approach (GTA) perspective.

Therefore, this rapid assessment study was conducted for the following main purposes:

The socio economic assessment study is part of the evaluation process intended to assess and understand the situation at the beginning of the proposed project that will help assess project effectiveness and impact. The project is implemented in Addis Ababa city; Kirkos sub city of woreda 02 and 09. From these two woredas, 50 vulnerable women’s whose age ranges between 18-40 that includes Female Sex Workers, Women Headed Family, Women with Disability and Women with homelessness are part of this assessment.

This report describes the process and results of the “Rapid assessment of socio-economic conditions of the target group from Gender Transformative Approach perspective” which will help to the execution of the project called “Reducing Poverty and Increasing Voice among Vulnerable Women”. This project is a two year programe (September 1, 2021–August 31, 2023) developed by New Life Teen Challenge Development and Relief Program (NLTCDRP) and the project is financed by Plan International Ethiopia through the partnership agreement entitled with “Women’s Voice and Leadership” which focuses on “enhancing organizational capacity and leadership of women’s organizations” and “enhancing capacity of women’s organization to mobilize resources. The goal of the project is “to strengthen the achievement of empowerment and livelihood through economic support, leadership, and accountable governance for women and girls.” The general objective of the project is “to contribute to vulnerable women’s economic empowerment through the promotion of leadership, participation and decision-making”. This general objective will be achieved through the execution of three Specific objectives: (1) Increase access to financial resources and economic opportunities for 50 vulnerable women through vocational training and small-scale enterprise by the year 2023. (2) Increase entrepreneurial-leadership and business development skills and capacity for 100 vulnerable women by the year 2023. (3) Increase the active participation and decision-making power of 100 vulnerable women on their social and economic issues by the year 2023. More specifically; the proposed project is tailored on addressing vulnerable women’s economic empowerment and leadership and decision making of Woreda 02 and 09 of Kirkos Sub-City, women’s rights and control over economic and social gains is given appropriate attention. Not only  that simply elevating women’s economic status not in itself constitute empowerment, leadership is both concerned with the building of personal capacities and confidence, and with building the capacity to mobilize others. Women’s equal participation and leadership in decision-making processes at family, community and institution level is therefore fundamental to attempts to eliminate gender-based poverty in the project implementation areas of Woreda 02 and 09 of Kirkos Sub-City. The project targeted to benefit 100 vulnerable women’s whose age ranges between 18-40 that includes Female Sex Workers (25), Women Headed Family (25), Women with Disability (25) and Women with homelessness (25) are part of the project.

This rapid assessment report presents the current socio economic context and condition of the target groups from feminist approach (FA) & gender transformative approach (GTA) perspective. The result will be utilized for impact assessment & project review.

The outcomes of the assessment are expected to form the basis for the implementation of ECD’s DANIDA Urban Refugee Project in Addis Ababa and future advancements in relevant market demand skill training delivery. And also the outcome of the assessment will serve as a foundation for future programming in various interventions and help people understand crucial aspects of the larger labor market, such as skill areas and market demand, as well as the types of jobs and employment prospects accessible. Finally, connecting job searchers with the world of employment requires an awareness of the labor market and business opportunities.

The assessment was used a mixed methods approach. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected using primary and secondary data collection techniques. Relevant data were obtained from Urban Eritrean refugees and host communities living in Addis Ababa, potential employers and businesses sectors, gov’t stakeholders/ support services providers and public and private TVET colleges using various data collection techniques such as focus group discussion (FDG), key informant interviews (KIIs), market observations and field surveys, structured questionnaires, and secondary document review were used to collect the data, which was then analyzed using descriptive statistical tools.

Data collection for this assessment took place between 14th November and 25th November 2022 covering the three targeted Sub-Cities in Addis Ababa where the ECD’s project will be implemented: Yeka, Bole and Nifaselk Lafto Sub-Cities. Overall, 6 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 105 Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with urban Eritrean refugees and host communities living in Addis Ababa, 20 key informant interviews (KIIs) with potential employers and businesses sectors, 9 KIIs with gov’t stakeholders/ support services providers, 11 KIIs with public and private TVET colleges and 20 market survey with potential value chains/sectors were conducted. Game Changers Consulting PLC in collaboration with Ethiopian Centre for Development (ECD) has been coordinating and carried out the assessment of marketable vocational skills training.

A purposive sampling technique was employed to select interviewees and focus group discussants. Even though there are urban refuges who lives in Addis Ababa, this research purposively selects Eritrean Urban refugees. In order to access the subject of the research, such as focus Group discussants and interviewee, the researcher was used ARRA offices to get directly interviewees and discussants while they were getting the service.